Search Results for: score transformation

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Speech To Text results explained

Relevance: 100%      Posted on: 2019-05-27

This article aims on giving more details about Speech To Text outputs and hints on how to tailor Speech To Text to suit best your needs. In the process of transcribing speech, the Speech To Text technology usually identifies multiple alternatives for individual speech segments, as multiple phrases can have similar pronunciations, possibly with different word boundaries, e.g. “eight tea machines” vs. “eighty machines”. The technology provides various output types which show only single or multiple transcription alternatives. For processing realtime streams, two result modes are supported – one mode provides complete transcription, second mode provides incremental results. Output types…

Q: What LLR, LR and score mean?

Relevance: 12%      Posted on: 2017-06-27

A: These abbreviations mean the following: LR - likelihood ratio, result from statistical test for two models comparison. It returns a number which expresses how many times more likely the data are under one model than the other.  LR meets numbers in interval <0;+inf). LLR - abbreviation for log-likelihood ratio statistic, logarithmic function of LR. LLR meets numbers in interval (-inf;+inf). Percentage (normalised) score - commonly used mathematical transformation of the LLR to percentage. This number is better for human readability but may bring some doubts if LLR numbers are too high (typically for some non-adapted installations). Interval <0;100> (or…

Keyword Spotting results explained

Relevance: 8%      Posted on: 2019-06-12

This article aims on giving more details about Keyword Spotting outputs and hints on how to tailor Keyword Spotting to suit best your needs. Scoring Keyword Spotting works by calculating likelihoods that at a given spot occurs a keyword or just any other speech, and comparing those two likelihoods. The following scheme shows Background model for anything before the keyword (1), the Keyword model (2) and a Background model of any speech parallel with the keyword model (3). Models 2 and 3 produce two likelihoods – Lkw and Lbg (any speech = background). Raw score is calculated as log likelihood…

Terminology

Relevance: 6%      Posted on: 2017-06-15

Document which briefly describes processes and relations in Phonexia Technologies with consideration on correct word usage.   SID - Speaker Identification Technology (about SID technology) which recognize the speaker in the audio based on the input data (usually database of voiceprints). XL3, L3,L2,S2 - Technology models of SID. Speaker enrollment - Process, where the speaker model is created (usually new record in the voiceprint database). Speaker model: 1/ should reach recommended minimums (net speech, audio quality), 2/ should be made with more net speech and thus be more robust. The test recordings (payload) are then compared to the model (see…

Voice Inspector – Interpretation of results

Relevance: 5%      Posted on: 2019-06-24

Introduction Phonexia Voice Inspector (VIN) is a tool for forensic automatic speaker identification, compliant with the Methodological Guidelines for Best Practice in Forensic Semiautomatic and Automatic Speaker Recognition, published by the European Network of Forensic Science Institutes.  This post explains individual SID score types and ways to visualize the results in a speaker identification case implemented in Voice Inspector. Evidence In VIN, the term evidence has two meanings. In general, it refers to any SID score that the system calculates for any pair of recordings in the case. These scores are the output of the Phonexia SID technology which runs…

Speaker Identification (SID)

Relevance: 4%      Posted on: 2019-06-13

Phonexia Speaker Identification uses the power of voice biometry to recognize speakers by their voice... i.e. to decide whether the voice in two recordings belongs to the same person or two different people. High accuracy of Speaker Identification, the Phonexia's flagship technology, has been validated in a NIST Speaker Recognition Evaluations. Basic use cases and application areas The technology can be used for various speaker recognition tasks. One basic distinction is based on the kind of question we want to answer. Speaker Identification is the case when we are asking "Whose voice is this?", such as in fake emergency calls.…

Age Estimation

Relevance: 4%      Posted on: 2018-04-12

Phonexia Age Estimation (AGE) estimates the age of a speaker from audio recording. The process of voiceprint extraction is similar to the extraction of SID, but as a result different features get extracted; therefore, the voiceprints extracted from AGE and SID are not mutually compatible. Technology Trained with emphasis on spontaneous telephony conversation The technology is language-, accent-, text-, and channel- independent Compatibility with the widest range of audio sources possible (applies channel compensation techniques): GSM/CDMA, 3G, VoIP, landlines, etc. Input Input format for processing: WAV or RAW (8 or 16 bits linear coding), A-law or Mu-law, PCM, 8kHz+ sampling…

Language Identification results explained

Relevance: 4%      Posted on: 2019-05-20

This article aims on giving more details about Language Identification scoring and hints on how to tailor Language Identification to suit best your needs. Scoring and results explanation When Phonexia Language Identification identifies a language in audio recording (or languageprint) using a language pack, it creates languageprint of the recording (if input is audio recording) compares that languageprint with each language in a language pack and calculates probability that these two languages are the same The final scores are returned as logarithms of these individual probabilities – i.e. as values from {-inf,0} interval – for each language in the language pack.…

Speaker Identification: Results Enhancement

Relevance: 2%      Posted on: 2019-05-29

Speaker Identification (SID) Results Enhancement is a process that adjusts the score threshold for detecting/rejecting speakers by removing the effect of speech length and audio quality. This is achieved by use of Audio Source Profiles, that represent as closely as possible the source of the speech recording (device, acoustic channel, distance from microphone, language, gender, etc.). Although the out-of-the-box system is robust in such factors, several result enhancement procedures can provide even better results and stronger evidence. Audio Source Profile An Audio Source Profile is a representation of the speech source, e.g., device, acoustic channel, distance from microphone, language, gender,…