Search Results for: score transformation

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Q: What LLR, LR and score mean?

Relevance: 100%      Posted on: 2017-06-27

A: These abbreviations mean the following: LR - likelihood ratio, result from statistical test for two models comparison. It returns a number which expresses how many times more likely the data are under one model than the other.  LR meets numbers in interval <0;+inf). LLR - abbreviation for log-likelihood ratio statistic, logarithmic function of LR. LLR meets numbers in interval (-inf;+inf). Percentage (normalised) score - commonly used mathematical transformation of the LLR to percentage. This number is better for human readability but may bring some doubts if LLR numbers are too high (typically for some non-adapted installations). Interval <0;100> (or…

Speech To Text results explained

Relevance: 8%      Posted on: 2019-05-27

This article aims on giving more details about Speech To Text outputs and hints on how to tailor Speech To Text to suit best your needs. In the process of transcribing speech, the Speech To Text technology usually identifies multiple alternatives for individual speech segments, as multiple phrases can have similar pronunciations, possibly with different word boundaries, e.g. “eight tea machines” vs. “eighty machines”. The technology provides various output types which show only single or multiple transcription alternatives. For processing realtime streams, two result modes are supported – one mode provides complete transcription, second mode provides incremental results. Output types…

Time Analysis (TAE)

Relevance: 8%      Posted on: 2017-05-18

Technology description Technology Time Analysis Extraction by Phonexia extracts base information from dialogue in a recording, providing essential knowledge about conversation flow. That makes it easy to identify long reaction time, crosstalk, or responses of speakers in both channels.  This technology is only meaningful when used on recordings with 2 channels. As an answer to the TAE technology, SPE returns a json/xml file. This file includes general information about the technology and details of the time analysis. The technology can work either with a closed recording or with a stream. Monologue Describes the statistics of a recording related to one…

Speech Quality Estimator – Essential

Relevance: 8%      Posted on: 2018-04-04

Phonexia’s Speech Quality Estimator quantifies the acoustic quality of recordings. This helps the user to quickly determine whether the acoustic quality of a recording is good for processing with other speech technologies or not. As an answer for SQE, the SPE returns a json/xml file. This file includes general information about the technology and statistics of all (one or two) channels. The statistics of all channels include the numbers for many aspects of recording quality, and the overall global score. Technology The technology is language-, accent-, text-, and channel- independent Compatibility with the widest range of audio sources possible (applies…

Voice Inspector – Interpretation of results

Relevance: 8%      Posted on: 2019-06-24

Introduction Phonexia Voice Inspector (VIN) is a tool for forensic automatic speaker identification, compliant with the Methodological Guidelines for Best Practice in Forensic Semiautomatic and Automatic Speaker Recognition, published by the European Network of Forensic Science Institutes.  This post explains individual SID score types and ways to visualize the results in a speaker identification case implemented in Voice Inspector. Evidence In VIN, the term evidence has two meanings. In general, it refers to any SID score that the system calculates for any pair of recordings in the case. These scores are the output of the Phonexia SID technology which runs…

Speech Intelligence Resolver v1

Relevance: 8%      Posted on: 2017-05-18

About Phonexia Speech Intelligence Resolver v1 (SIR1) combines the power of speech technologies within a single application. The application automatically performs visualization of the record as well as filtering the speech metadata uncovered from your records effectively. Speech technologies implemented: Phonexia Speaker Identification (SID2) Phonexia Language Identification (LID2) Phonexia Gender identification (GID) Phonexia Voice Activity Detection (VAD) Phonexia Speaker Diarization (DIAR) Phonexia Keyword Spotting (KWS) Phonexia Speech Quality Estimator (SQE) Phonexia Speech Transcription (STT) SIR is a client application cooperating with REST servers. It can be used as a standalone application due to the integrated local REST server. It was…

Voice Activity Detection – Essential

Relevance: 8%      Posted on: 2018-04-04

Phonexia Voice Activity Detection (VAD) identifies parts of audio recordings with speech content vs. nonspeech content. Technology Trained with emphasis on spontaneous telephony conversation The technology is language-, accent-, text-, and channel- independent Compatibility with the widest range of audio sources possible (applies channel compensation techniques): GSM/CDMA, 3G, VoIP, landlines, etc. Input Input format for processing: WAV or RAW (8 or 16 bits linear coding), A-law or Mu-law, PCM, 8kHz+ sampling Output Log file with processed information (speech vs. nonspeech segments) Segmentation The section Segmentation describes the results of VAD, which are segments of detected voice and silence. Segments are…

Voice Inspector – supporting technologies

Relevance: 8%      Posted on: 2019-06-28

Automatic Speaker Identification (SID) is the most important but not the only Phonexia technology that is implemented in Voice Inspector (VIN). Apart from SID, forensic experts, users of VIN, can benefit from automatic Signal-to-Noise Ratio calculation, Voice Activity detection, Phoneme search, and a Wave editor which incorporates the waveform, spectrum and power panel. Let's have a look on how to utilize individual technologies. Signal-to-Noise Ratio Recording quality can strongly influence the reliability of SID results and so the outcome of a forensic case. Therefore, VIN uses a module of Phonexia Speech Quality Estimation (SQE) to calculate the Signal-to-Noise Ratio (SNR)…

Phonexia Voice Inspector v1

Relevance: 8%      Posted on: 2017-05-18

About Phonexia Voice Inspector v1 (VIN1) provides police forces and forensic experts with highly accurate speaker identification tools to be used during the investigation of criminal matters. It utilizes the power of voice biometry to automatically recognize the speaker by their voice. Main features of the VIN1 application: An automatic speaker identification tool to strengthen the results of the standard phonetic based approaches Scoring of the likelihood ratio (LR), log-likelihood ratio (LLR), and an option of a verbal presentation of the results Graphic presentation of the likelihood ratio (LR), probability density function and Tippett plot Generating detailed reports (expert opinion…